http://mctiernan.com/benhis.htm 8-7-2016

The History of the Bender Family from Rettigheim & Mühlhausen, Baden, Germany

from c. 1510 on

Bender Family Armorial Coat of Arms & Crest

There are 19 known generations in our Bender family line. The earliest known direct member of my Bender family is Hans Bender, the older, c. 1510--<1596, who was the same generations as Martin Luther who by nailing his objections on the church door triggered the Reformation which in turn caused a massive crack in the cultural wall of the German agrarian based society at the time of our earliest known ancestor.  If I have it right Leo Wilson is the Great Grandson of Chuck Geoppo and if so that would make 19 generations of known Benders.  As of December 19, 2014 there are 33,000  known descendents of Hans Bender, the older, c. 1510--<1596. 

Even though our Bender line emigrated from the small village of Mühlhausen, Baden almost all of our Bender ancestors are originally from the very small village of Rettigheim, Baden which is about 2 miles SW of Mühlhausen. The Bender family immigrants that came west ended up not only in Missouri, Illinois, Wisconsin and Minnesota in America but also in Canada. The ones that went south ended up in Mexico, Chile and other parts of South America. The ones that went east ended up in Serbia and Hungary. The ones that went north ended up in Russia and Poland. Our ancestor 2.1.2.2.3.1.1.1. Elisabeth Fellhauer, nee Förderer holds the known travel record taking 96 days to cross the Atlantic by sailing ship to America in 1846.

It appears the first destination point for my line of the Bender family is Kimmswick, Rock Township, Jefferson CO, Missouri, right on the Mississippi River south of St. Louis. Many of the Benders and the Herrmans were there in the 1860 census. Most likely Jean Michel Blaies met his wife Theresia Bender in that area before they moved to Mascoutah, IL around 1864 after they married. Also, four unconnected Benders are living with a Müller family in Rock Township, Jefferson CO and are listed as step children. They are all listed in the 1880 Jefferson CO census. See http://mctiernan.com/bnotes.htm

The vast amount of information on over 24,000 Bender ancestors and descendants contained in this history is due for the most part to Hubert Kamuf who wrote two books on the history of the families in our village of Rettigheim. The titles of those two books are, Rettigheim Familienbuch Vol I and Vol II. Bernhard Strominski is doing a Familienbuch for the villages of Mingolsheim, Rettigheim and Rauenberg/Rotenberg.   Then with a great amount of work, Judy Jo Linenfelser translated the information. Judy's husband is Charles Linenfelser. Our Bender history now goes back 15 generations to c. 1510.

Judy Linenfelser is working with several German village historians who are writing the family book on their villages. The village of Odenheimer Familienbuch by Klaus Roessler, printed in 2000. The Benders mentioned being in Odenheim Familienbuch are included.  Klaus Roessler is now working on another Familienbuch for the village of Rauenberg/Rotenberg. Bernhard Strominski is doing a Familienbuch of Mingolsheim. Many from the village of Mingolsheim went to the Highland, Madison Co., IL area. Hermann Prestel who is working on the Familienbuch of the village of Stettfeld which is not far from Mingolsheim and south of it. Mingolsheim is west and not too far from Östringen. Bruno Sauer is working on the Familienbuch of the village of Mühlhausen.  A key is the Familybook on Malsch, not yet planned.
The below chart is accurate as to how we relate in the Bender line.  Other family lines may enable the individuals to relate in a much closer way, for instance Charles Linenfelser is Claire Robertson's 4th and 5th cousin through a different line.

How some of the Bender descendents relate to each other only through the Bedner line in terms of cousin & GR = generations removed


-->
the Bender
descendants
 |
 \/

Michael
McTiernan
Claire J. Robertson,
nee Talbot
&

Kathy Flowers,
nee Young 
Erika
Heydinger,
nee

Forderer
Charles
Linenfelser
Marianne David,
nee
Chappuis
Marilyn
Rutledge,
nee
Birkenmeier
Mike
Mullen
Janet
Werner

Diana
Pansa,
nee
Six
Robert
Heimann
John
Lynch
Eric
Werstein
Winfried
Dumm
MM
Muncy,
nee
Metzger
Jerry
Mohme
Jens
Werstein
Elizabeth
O'Connor
Dick
Boes
Trish
Ferree
Haydon
Kleinlagel
Steve
Kretz
Rosa
Marie

Gold, nee Jungnitsch
Patti
Montgomery,
nee Green

Garry Piiparinen
Erika Carlson
Susan
Olson,
nee Tuffli

Ashley
Stockamp
Jason
Klenke
Pam
Winburn,
nee Kneller
&

Sue Studbaker
Caitlin
Dolan
Robin
Palmer
Ina
Janz

Martin
Gobel

Klaus
Ueber

Hank
Heinzmann

Klaus
Hipp

Vicky
Cerino

Renate
Schmitt
Walter
Hartmann

Joe
Burval

Michael
McTiernan
NA
7th
8th
1GR
8th
8th
8th
6th
5th
1GR
9th
2GR
10th
1GR
9th
1GR
7th
7th
8th
8th
8th
1GR
9th
1GR
9th
1GR

8th
1GR
7th
7th
1GR
10th
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
8th
1GR
9th
1GR

8th
1GR
8th
1GR
6th
8th
2GR

7th
7th
2GR
8th
7th
9th
8th
9th
1GR
6th
8th
9th
1
Claire Robertson,
nee Talbot 
&
Kathy Flowers,
nee Young 
7th
NA
8th
1GR
8th
8th 8th 7th 6th
1GR
9th
2GR
10th
1GR
8th
7th
7th 8th 8th
7th
1GR
8th
1GR
9th
2GR
8th
1GR
7th
7th
1GR

7th
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
8th
1GR
9th
1GR
8th
1GR
8th
1GR
7th
8th
2GR
7th
7th
2GR
7th
6th
9th
8th
9th
1GR
7th
8th
9th
2
Erika
Heydinger,
nee Forderer
8th
1GR
8th
1GR
NA
8th
1GR
8th
1GR
8th
1GR
6th
2GR
6th
1GR
5th
3GR
9th
2GR
5th
2nd
1GR
3rd
1GR
3rd
1GR
8th
1GR
5th
2GR
5th
1GR
5th
1GR
8th
2GR
5th
1GR
6th
2GR
5th
1GR
3rd
2GR
8th
1GR
8th
2GR
6th
1GR
8th
2GR
8th
2GR
8th
1GR
8th
3GR
5th
2GR
6th
4GR
5th
1GR
8th
1GR
4th
1GR
8th
1GR
6th
2GR
4th
1GR
8th
1GR
3rd
1GR
3
Charles
Linenfelser
8th
8th
8th
1GR
NA
7th
7th
7th
1GR
7th
9th
2GR
10th
1GR
9th
7th
7th
6th 4th
6th
1GR
9th
9th
3rd
1GR
7th
6th
1GR
5th
1GR
7th
4th
4th
1GR
9th
1GR
4th
1GR
4th
1GR
6th
3rd
2GR
7th
7th
1GR
8th
8th
9th
7th
8th
1GR
7th
7th
9th
4
Marianne
David, nee
Chappuis
8th
8th
8th
1GR
7th
NA
2nd
4th
1GR
4th
7th
1GR
10th
1GR
7th
1GR
4th
7th
1GR
7th 7th
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
9th
1GR
7th
1GR
6th
6th
1GR
6th
2GR
6th
7th
7th
1GR
7th
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
8th
7th
2GR
6th
6th
1GR
6th
2GR
8th
9th
4th
8th
1GR
6th
7th
9th
5
Marilyn Ann
Rutledge,nee
Birkenmeier
8th
8th
8th
1GR
7th
2nd
NA
4th
1GR
4th
7th
1GR
10th
1GR
7th
1GR
4th
7th
1GR
7th 7th
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
9th
1GR
7th
1GR
6th
6th
1GR
6th
2GR
6th
7th
7th
1GR
7th
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
8th
7th
2GR
6th
6th
1GR
6th
2GR
8th
9th
4th
8th
2GR
6th
7th
9th
6
Mike Mullen 6th
7th
6th
2GR
7th
1GR
4th
1GR
4th
1GR
NA
1st
1GR
6th
11th
6th
2GR
3rd
1GR
6th 6th
1GR
7th
1GR
6th
1GR
6th
7th
1GR
8th
6th
5th
4th
1GR
5th
7th
1GR
8th
5th
1GR
8th
8th
1GR
6th
8th
1GR
6th
7th
6th
1GR

7th
7th
1GR
3rd
1GR
7th
5th
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
7
Janet Werner
5th
1GR
6th
1GR
6th
1GR
7th
4th
4th
1st
1GR
NA
5th
1GR
9th
2GR
7th
5th
2GR
5th
1GR
7th
2GR
7th
1GR
5th
1GR
4th
1GR
7th
2GR
7th
1GR
5th
1GR
4th
1GR
4th
4th
1GR
7th
7th
1GR
5th
7th
2GR
7th
2GR
5th
1GR
7th
2GR
5th
1GR
5th
3GR
5th
6th
1GR
7th
3rd
7th
1GR
4th
1GR
7th
6th
2GR
8
Diana Pansa,
nee Six
9th
2GR
9th
2GR
5th
3GR
9th
2GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
6th
5th
1GR
NA
10th
1GR
4th
1GR3rd
5th
1GR
4th 6th
1GR
9th
2GR
5th
1GR
5th
6th
2GR
10th
1GR
4th
6th
5th
1GR
4th
9th
2GR
10th
1GR
4th
1GR
10th
1GR
10th
1GR
9th
2GR
11th
4th
4th
2GR
5th
1GR
9th
2GR
6th
2GR
5th
1GR
7th
4th
8th
6th
2GR
9
Robert
Heimann
10th
1GR
10th
1GR
9th
2GR
10th
1GR
10th
1GR
10th
1GR
11th
9th
2GR
10th
1GR
NA
9th
2GR
10th
1GR
9th
1GR
10th
1GR
10th
1GR
11th
10th
1GR
8th
2GR

11th
10th
1GR
10th
1GR
10th
1GR
10th
1GR
10th
1GR
11th
9th
2GR
11th
11th
10th
1GR
11th
1GR
10th
1GR
10th
1GR
10th
1GR
10th
1GR
10th
1GR
9th
2GR
10th
1GR
9th
1GR
10th
1GR
10th
1GR
10
John
Lynch
9th
1GR
8th
5th
9th
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
6th
2GR
7th
4th
1GR
9th
2GR
NA 5th
4th
1GR
6th 9th
4th
1GR
4th
5th
9th
1GR
5th
6th
1GR
4th
5th
9th
9th
1GR
7th
9th
1GR
9th
1GR
10th
9th
2GR
4th
1GR
5th
2GR
4th
9th
1GR
9th
1GR
7th
7th
5th
7th
1GR
9th
1GR
11
Eric
Werstein
7th
7th
2nd
1GR
7th
4th
4th
3rd
1GR
3rd
5th
1GR
10th
1GR
5th
NA
4th 4th 7th
5th
1GR
5th
1GR
6th
7th
1GR
5th
4th
1GR
4th
5th
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
5th
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
7th
2GR
5th
1GR
5th
3GR
5th
7th
5th
3rd
7th
4th
1GR
7th
4th
12
Winfried
Dumm
7th
7th
3rd
1GR
7th
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
6th
5th
1GR
4th
9th
1GR
4th
1GR
4th
NA
6th
1GR
7th
5th
5th
3rd
1GR
7th
1GR
3rd
5th
1GR
4th
1GR
3rd
7th
1 GGR
7th
1Gr
4th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
7th
2GR
3rd
1GR
4th
2GR
4th
7th
6th
5th
1GR
6th
4th
7th
1GR
4th
13
MM
Muncey, nee
Metzger
8th
8th
3rd
1GR
6th
7th
7th
6th
1GR
6th
6th
1GR
10th
1GR
6th
4th
6th
1GR
NA
6th
4th
1GR
6th
6th
6th
1GR
6th
1GR
6th
5th
1GR
6th
6th
6th
1GR
6th
6th
1GR
6th
1GR
8th
6th
2GR
6th
1GR
4th
3GR
4th
8th
5th
6th
7th
1GR
6th
7th
6th
14
Jerry P.
Mohme
8th
8th
8th
1GR
4th
7th
7th
7th
1GR
7th
9th
2GR
10th
1GR
9th
7th
7th
6th
NA
6th
1GR

9th
9th
1GR
4th
1GR
7th
6th
1GR
5th
1GR
7th
3rd
3rd
1GR
9th
1GR
3rd
1GR
2nd
1GR
8th
4th
2GR

7th
6th
2GR
6th
8th
9th
7th
9th
1GR
7th
7th
9th
15
Jens
Werstein
8th
1GR
7th
1GR
5th
2GR
6th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
6th
1GR
5th
2GR
5th
1GR
11th
4th
1GR
5th
1GR
5th
4th
1GR
6th
1GR
NA
3rd
1GR
7th
2GR
7th
5th
1GR
5th
1GR
4th
1GR
5th
1GR
6th
1GR
7th
4th
2GR
7th
7th
8th
1GR
7th
1GR
5th
5th
2GR

3rd
1GR

8th
1GR
7th
2GR
5th
2GR
6th
5th
7th
1GR
7th
2GR
16
Elizabeth
O'Connor,
nee Werstein
9th
1GR
8th
1GR
5th
1GR
9th
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
6th
5th
1GR
5th
10th
1GR
4th
5th
1GR
5th
6th
9th
3rd
1GR
NA
7th
1GR
9th
1GR
4th
1GR
6th
1GR
4th 5th 9th 9th
1GR
4th
1GR
9th
1GR
9th
1GR
10th 9th
4 GR
4th
1GR
5th
2GR

4th
9th
1GR
7th
1GR
5th
1GR
9th
5th
8th
7th
1GR
17
Dick
Boes
9th
1GR

9th
2GR
5th
1GR
9th
9th
9th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
2GR
6th
2GR
8th
2GR
5th
6th
3rd
1GR
6th
9th
1GR
7th
2GR
7th
1GR
NA
9th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
4th
6th
1GR
9th
9th
1GR
7th
9th
1GR
9th
2GR
9th
9th
2GR
5th
1GR
8th
9th
2GR

9th
6th
2GR
7th
6th
1GR
6th
2GR
8th
1GR
6th
3GR
18
Trish
Ferree
8th
1GR
8th
1GR
8th
2GR
3rd
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
8th
7th
1GR
10th
1GR
11th
9th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
6th
1GR
4th
1GR
7th
9th
1GR
9th
1GR
NA
7th
1GR
7th
5th
2GR
7th
1GR
4th
1GR
5th
9th
2GR
5th
5th
8th
1GR
3rd
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR

6th
1GR

8th
1GR
9th
1GR
7th
1GR
10th
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
9th
1GR
19
Haydon
Kleinlagel
7th
7th
5th
1GR
7th
6th
6th
6th
5th
1GR
4th
10th
1GR
5th
5th
3rd
6th
1GR
7th
5th
1GR
4th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
NA
3rd
3GR
4th
1GR
3rd
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
4th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
7th
2GR
2nd
4th
2GR

3rd
1GR

7th
7th
1GR
3rd
1GR
6th
4th
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
20
Steve
Kretz
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
6th
2GR
6th
1GR
6th
1GR
6th
1GR
5th
4th
1GR
6th
10th
1GR
6th
1GR
4th
1GR
5th
1GR
6th
6th
1GR
5th
1GR
6th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
3rd
3GR
NA
5th
1st
1GR
6th
1GR
7th
4th
7th
6th
2GR
6th
1GR
6th
3GR
5th
3rd
1GR

4th
2GR

7th
1GR
7th
1GR
4th
1GR
8th
1GR
4th
7th
2GR
7th
2GR
21
Rosa Marie
Gold, nee Jungnitsch

10th
7th
5th
1GR
5th
1GR
6th
2GR
6th
2GR
4th
1GR
4th
5th
1GR
10th
1GR
4th
4th
4th
1GR
5th
1GR
5th
1GR
4th
1GR
4th
4th
5th
2GR
4th
1GR
5th
NA
4th
1GR
5th
1GR
6th
2GR
5th
5th
2GR
 5th
2GR
9th
1GR
5th
3GR
4th
1GR
5th
3GR

4th
9th
1GR
7th
1GR
4th
5th
4th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
22
Patti
Montgomery,
nee Green

7th
1GR
7th
1GR
3rd
2GR
7th
5th
6th
5th
4th
1GR
4th
10th
1GR
5th
5th
3rd
6th
7th
5th
1GR
5th
6th
1GR
7th
1GR
3rd
1st
1GR
4th
1GR
NA
7th
7th
1GR
4th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
2GR
3rd
4th
2GR

6th
7th
1GR
6th
1GR
4th
1GR
6th
3rd
7th
1GR
4th
1GR
23
Garry Piiparinen 7th
1GR
7th
1GR
8th
1GR
4th
7th
7th
7th
1GR
7th
9th
2GR
10th
1GR
9th
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
6th
3rd
6th
1GR
9th
9th
4th
1GR
7th
1GR
6th
1GR
5th
1GR
7th
NA
niece
9th
1GR
3rd
1GR
3rd
1GR
8th
4th
2GR
7th
6th
2GR
6th
8th
9th
7th
9th
1GR
7th
7th
9th
24
Erika
Carlson
8th
1GR
8th
1GR
8th
2GR
4th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
8th
7th
1GR
10th
1GR
11th
9th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
6th
1GR
3rd
1GR
7th
9th
1GR
9th
1GR
5th
7th
1GR
7th
6th
2GR
7th
1GR
uncle
NA
9th
1GR
4th
4th
8th
1GR
5th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
6th
1GR
8th
1GR
9th
1GR
7th
1GR
10th
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
9th
1GR
25
Susan
Olson,
nee Tuffli
9th
1GR

9th
1GR
6th
1GR
9th
1GR
7th
7th
5th
1GR
5th
4th
1GR
9th
2GR
7th
5th
4th
1GR
6th
9th
1GR
4th
2GR
4th
1GR
7th
4th
2GR
4th
1GR
4th
5th
4th
1GR
9th
1GR
9th
1GR
NA
9th
1GR
9th
2GR
9th
9th
2GR
4th
1GR
4th
3GR

6th
9th
7th
5th
8th
1GR
4th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
26
Ashley Lynn
Stockamp
8th
1GR
8th
1GR
8th
2GR
4th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
8th
7th
2GR
10th
1GR
11th
9th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
6th
1GR
3rd
1GR
7th 9th
1GR
9th
1GR
5th 7th
1GR
7th 5th
2GR
7th
1GR
3rd
1GR
4th
9th
1GR
NA
4th
8th
1GR
5th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR

6th
1GR
8th
1GR
9th
1GR
7th
1GR
10th
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
9th
1GR
27
Jason
Klenke
8th
1GR
8th
1GR
8th
2GR
4h
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
8th
1GR
7th
2GR
10th
1GR
11th
9th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
6th
1GR
2nd
1GR
7th
9th
1GR
9th
2GR
5th
7th
1GR
6th
2GR
5th
2GR
7th
1GR
3rd
1GR
4th
9th
2GR
4th
NA
8th
1GR
6th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR

6th
1GR

8th
1GR
9th
1GR
7th
1GR
10th
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
9th
1GR
28
Pam
Winburn, nee Kneller
& Sue
Studabaker
6th
7th
8th
1GR
6th
8th
8th
6th
5th
1GR
9th
2GR
10th
1GR
10th
7th
7th
8th
8th
8th
1GR
10th
9th
8th
1GR
7th
6th
1GR
9th
1GR
7th
1GR
8th
8th
1GR
9th
8th
1GR
8th
1GR
NA
8th
2GR
7th
7th
2GR

8th
7th
9th
8th
9th
1GR
6th
8th
9th
29
Caitlin
Dolan
8th
2GR

8th
2GR
8th
3GR
3rd
2GR
7th
2GR
7th
2GR
8th
1GR
7th
2GR
11th
11th
1GR
9th
2GR
7th
2GR
7th
2GR
6th
2GR
4th
2GR
7th
1GR
9th
2GR
9th
2GR
3rd
1GR
7th
2GR
6th
3GR
5th
3GR
7th
2GR
4th
2GR
5th
1GR
9th
2GR
5th
1GR
6th
1GR
8th
2GR
NA
7th
2GR
8th
6th
2GR

8th
2GR
9th
2GR
7th
2GR
10th
1GR
7th
2GR
7th
2GR
9th
2GR
30
Robin
Palmer
7th
7th
5th
2GR
7th
6th
6th
6th
5th
1GR
4th
10th
1GR
4th
1GR
5th
1GR
3rd
1GR
6th
1GR
7th
5th
4th
1GR
5th
1GR
7th
1GR
2nd
5th
4th
1GR
3rd
7th
7th
1GR
4th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
7th
2G7R
NA
4th
1GR

3rd
1GR

7th
7th
1GR
3rd
1GR
9th
4th
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
31
Ina
Janz
7th
2GR
7th
2GR
6th
4GR
7th
1GR
6th
1GR
6th
1GR
7th
5th
3GR
4th
2GR
10th
1GR
5th
2GR
5th
3GR
4th
3GR
6th
2GR
5th
2GR
5th
2GR
5th
2GR
8th
7th
1GR
4th
2GR
3rd
1GR
5th
3GR
4th
2GR
6th
2GR
7th
1GR
4th
3GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
2GR
8th
4th
1GR
NA
4th
3GR
7th
2GR
7th
2GR
4th
3GR
5th
2GR
2nd
2GR
7th
1GR
7th
3GR
32
Martin
Gobel

8th
7th
5th
1GR
8th
6th
2GR
6th
2GR
6th
1GR
5th
5th
1GR
10th
1GR
4th
5th
4th
6th
3rd
1GR
3rd
1GR
4th
9th
2GR
6th
1GR
3rd
1GR
4th
2GR
4th
6th
6th
6th
1GR
6th
6th
1GR
6th
1GR
8th
6th
2GR
3rd
1GR
4th
3GR
NA
8th
9th
5th
8th
5th
7th
9th
33
Klaus
Ueber

7th
6th
8th
1GR
8th
8th
8th
7th
6th
1GR
9th
2GR
10th
1GR
9th
1GR
7th
7th
8th
8th
8th
1GR
9th
1GR
9th
8th
1GR
7th
7th
1GR
9th
1GR
7th
1GR
8th
8th
1GR
9th
8th
1GR
8th
1GR
7th
8th
2GR
7th
7th
2GR
8th
NA
9th
8th
9th
1GR
7th
8th
9th
34
Hank
Heinzmann

9th
9th
4th
1GR
9th
9th
9th
7th
1GR

7th
6th
2GR

10th
1GR

9th
1GR

5th
5th
9th
7th
2GR

7th
2GR

7th
1GR

6th
2GR

9th
1GR

7th
1GR

7th
1GR

7th
1GR

6th
1GR

9th
9th
1GR

7th
9th
1GR

9th
1GR

9th
9th
2GR

7th
1GR

7th
2GR
9th
9th
NA
9th
7th
1GR
6th
9th
6th
35
Klaus
Hipp

8th
8th
8th
1GR
7th
4th
4th
3rd
1GR
3rd
5th
1GR
9th
2GR
7th
3rd
5th
1GR
6th
7th
5th
2GR
5th
1GR
7th
7th
1GR
3rd
1GR
4th
1GR
4th
4th
1GR
7th
7th
1GR
5th
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
8th
7th
2GR
3rd
1GR
4th
3GR
5th
8th
9th
NA
8th
4th
1GR
7th
9th
36
Vicky
Cerino

9th
1GR
9th
1GR
6th
2GR
8th
1GR
8th
2GR
7th
7th
7th
1GR
10th
1GR
7th
7th 6th
7th
1GR
9th
1GR
6th
9th
6th
1GR
10th
6th
8th
1GR
5th
6th
9th
1GR
10th
8th
1GR
10th
10th
9th
1GR
10th
1GR
9th
5th
2GR
8th
9th
1GR
7th
1GR
8th

NA
6th
9th
7th
1GR
37
Renate
Schmitt
6th
7th
4th
1GR
7th
6th
6th
5th
4th
1GR
4th
9th
1GR
5th
4th
1GR
4th
6th
7th
5th
5th
6th
2GR
7th
1GR
4th
4th
4th
1GR
3rd
7th
7th
1GR
4th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
6th
7th
2GR
4th
2nd
2GR
5th
7th
6th
4th
1GR
6th
NA
8th
5th
38
Walter
Hartmann

8th
8th
8th
1GR
7th
7th
7th
7th
1GR
7th
8th
10th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
7th
1GR
7th
7th
7th
1GR
8th
8th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
2GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
8th
7th
2GR
7th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
8th
9th
7th
9th
8th
NA
9th
39
Joe
Burval

9th
9th
3rd
1GR
9th
9th
9th
7th
1GR
6th
2GR
6th
2GR
10th
1GR
9th
1GR
4th
4th
6th
9th
7th
2GR
7th
1GR
6th
3GR
9th
1GR
7th
1GR
7th
2GR
7th
1GR
4th
1GR
9th
9th
1GR
7th
9th
1GR
9th
1GR
9th
9th
2GR
7th
1GR
7th
3GR
9th
9th
6th
9th
7th
1GR
5th
9th
NA
40

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40


The earliest known Bender listed in Hubert Kamuf's books is Diether Bender who lived c. 1470 from the village of
Östringen
. As yet it is not clear if we are related to Diether Bender.

Our Bender line starts with Hans Bender, the older who is our earliest known Bender ancestor as of now.

1. Adam Bender, <1595-->1638, born most likely in Rettigheim, Baden. Adam was married in 1615 but the name of Adam's wife is unknown. They had at least five children,

Adam's first child was a son by the name of Sebastian Bender, 1615--1688, born and died in Rettigheim, Baden. The vast amount of information on Sebastian Bender's line poses size limits so all subsequent data for Sebastian's specific family line is on a separate web site: http://mctiernan.com/hans.htm. Sebastian's number begins with the numeral 1.1.

I have had to redo the entire numbering convention based on the February 2006 new information from Bernhard. The full list of 1. Adam Bender's five known children and their descendants using the recent numbering scam is as follows:

1.1. first child, Sebastian Bender, 1615--1688, for line of descent see http://mctiernan.com/hans.htm

1.2. second child, Johann Jakob Bender, 1620--1888, for line of descent see http://mctiernan.com/adam.htm

1.3. third child a daughter, Unnamed Moninger, nee Bender, 1625--, for line of descent see http://mctiernan.com/adam.htm

1.4. the fourth child, Johann Bender, 1635--8-30-1691, for line of descent see http://mctiernan.com/adam.htm

1.5. the fifth child, Anna Weis, nee Bender, 1638--1679, for line of descent see http://mctiernan.com/adam.htm

The beginning of the 1800s seem to be a watershed in our ancestors way of life as it well may have been for all of Europe. While the historians are calling the 20th century "The Century of War" , they may be calling the 19th century the "Century of Change". Half way through the 19th century, our European ancestors had their defining moment, emigration.

Napoleon was defeated in 1815 for the last time and an era had come to an end. In 1805 Britain had already established its maritime supremacy with the decisive victory at Trafalgar, and from then on England became the bankers of the world. For the next hundred years, their Pax Britannica ruled supreme. In 1806, the 800 year old Holy Roman Empire collapsed with the abdication of Emperor Francis II of Austria. It was replaced by a loose German Confederation of forty sovereign states, Baden being one of them, all under the tutelage of an emerging military power, Prussia. In the Franco / Prussian War of 1870, Bismarck the new leader achieved his goal in the mirror hall of Versailles, Wilhelm I was crowned Emperor and a unified Germany marched under the Prussian boot towards 1914, with 75 of our Bender ancestors dying in The Great War.  This site gives a village farmer's view of The Great War.  The full German newspaper article that describes the village history during this time is at http://mctiernan.com/josef.htm  It is a farmer's view of the world events. Joseph is my Blaes / Bender generation's 5th cousin 3 generations removed.

The French Revolution at the end of the 1700s destroyed the Old World, Napoleon rebuilt a New One. Weather we like it or not, our present age dates from Napoleon and 12 of our Bender / Blaies ancestors were with Napoleon in his invasion of Russia.

It appears in our history that the infant mortality rate of our Bender ancestors spiked in the 1830s and in the 1850s. As yet this is not proven statistically and if true the societal reason is not clear.

The "Dead Ends" connection task below is where one of the unknown Benders married into our Bender family line and no information is known about that Bender line or what family he or she came from.
"The Dead Ends" or Cadet lines of unknown, unconnected Benders that married into our paternal Bender family line grouped by village of origin in descending order:  Rettigheim,
Malsch, Malschenberg, Östringen, Mingolsheim & Rotenberg, and then by YOB
Rettigheim unknown Benders

1.2.3.4. Maria Elizabeth Metzger, nee Bender, 10-19-1695--11-15-1737, the fourth of seven children of Andreas Bender and Anna Maria Bender born and died in Rettigheim, Baden. In 1719, Maria Elizabeth Bender married Johann Friedrich Metzger, 11-16-1698--2-28-1750, who was born in Malsch and died in Rettigheim, Baden. Johann Friedrich Metzger's parents were Johann Quirin Metzger, c. 1762--, and Anna Maria Bender, c. 1674--12-12-1709. This Bender line is unconnected. After Maria Elisabeth Bender died in 1737, Johann Friedrich Metzger married Maria Eva Kleinlagel in 1738. Maria Elizabeth Bender and Johann Friedrich Metzger had eight children.

1.1.2.2.11. Matthaus Bender, 2-7-1724--9-30-1779, Matthais Bender and Maria Elisabetha Lindenfelser's eleventh of twelve children, born in Rettigheim but died in Malsch, Baden. On 1-26-1745, Matthaus Bender first married Anna Maria Bender, 7-12-1725--2-16-1756, born and died in Malsch. This Bender line is unconnected. He then married for a second time on 5-25-1756 in Rettigheim to 1.1.1.3.2.5. Maria Eva Förderer, 8-23-1730--8-7-1802 who was born in Rettigheim and died in Malsch. No children are listed from Maria Eva Förderer and Matthaus Bender. Matthaus Bender and Anna Maria Bender did have seven children.

1.2.3.7.1.1.2. Johann Wagner, 5-13-1781--8-5-1849, the second of six children of Maria Juliana Bender and Johann Wagner, born in Rettigheim and died in Malsch. On 5-19-1807 in Rettigheim, Johann Wagner married Maria Anna Margarete Bender, 6-7-1772--11-15-1842, born and died in Malsch.  They had two children. This Bender line is unconnected and part of the Malsch line.

Malsch - unknown Benders

1.1.2.3.4.4. Maria Juliana Metzger, nee Krug, 4-12-1739--, the fourth of eight children of Christoph Krug and Maria Katharina Gross born in Rettigheim and died in Malsch. On 9-25-1759 in Rettigheim, Maria Juliana Krug married Johann Michael Metzger, 9-22-1738--3-30-1803, who was born in Malsch and died in Rettigheim. The parents of Johann Michael Metzger are Johann Georg Metzger and Anna Maria Bender. This Bender line is unconnected.

20598 1.1.2.1.6.1.5.4. Johann Christoph Bender, 7-9-1775--6-16-1834, born in Malsch and died in Kislau, im Schloss. On 11-13-1798 in Malsch, Johann Christoph Bender married Maria Eva Ringer, 4-4-1778--10-26-1843, who was born in Rettigheim and died in Malsch. This Bender line is unconnected. They had ten children.

17024 1.1.2.1.6.1.5.4. Ferdinand Bender, 10-19-1811--2-26-1865, born and died in Malsch and on 5-7-1835 in Rettigheim married 1.1.2.1.6.1.5.4. Maria Barbara Reiss, 12-3-1804--2-11-1857, the fourth of seven children of Maria Katharina Barbara Werstein and Georg Michael Reiss born in Rettigheim and died in Malsch.  We relate to the Reiss family.  The Bender line is unconnected and part of the Malsch line.

1.2.3.4.8.1.7.5.2. Augustin Kleinlagel, 6-2-1858--9-2-1924, born and died in Rettigheim. The second of eight children of Johann Frederick Kleinlagel and Maria Theresia Bender. Augustin Kleinlagel married Elisabetha Müller, 4-10-1865--3-19-1935, on 1-13-1887 in Rettigheim. Elisabetha Müller, the daughter of Karl Müller and 28859 Gertrud Bender, 8-7-1845--10-25-1922, was born in Malsch and died in Rettigheim. This Malsch Bender line is unconnected. Augustin Kleinlagel and Elisabetha Müller had ten children.

1.2.3.4.8.6.8.3.3. Wilhelm Östringer, 4-27-1872--6-1-1921, the third of ten children of Stefan Östringer and Juliana Kamuf born and died in Rettigheim. On 11-7-1900 in Rettigheim, Wilhelm Östringer married 13001 Katharina Bender, 6-11-1878--9-17-1957, who was born in Malsch and died in Rettigheim. He was a farmer and lived at Östringer Str. 30. He died in a well accident in the neighborhood when he went to help someone suffocating there. Wilhelm Östringer and Katharina Bender had twelve children. This Malsch Bender line is unconnected.

1.1.2.3.4.8.7.4.6.3.4. Arnold Nikolaus Kretz, 12-2-1940--, the fourth of four children of Karl Kretz and Emilie Burkhard born in Rettigheim. On 1-28-1965 in Rettigheim, Arnold Nikolaus Kretz married Helga Bender who was born in Malsch. This Malsch Bender line is unconnected.

1.4.3.2.3.2.3.*  Maria Anna Bender, nee Dumm, 10-15-1818--, the sixth of six children of Maria Juliana Reiss and her first husband Josef Dumm born in Rettigheim and died in Malsch.  Maria Anna Dumm married Johann Bender, 7-30-1811--2-12-1857, on 11-8-1836 in Malsch. Johann was born and died in Malsch.  This Bender line is the Malsch line with unknown connection.

1.2.2.1.4.3.1.1.4.1.7.4. Mathilde Helene Bender, nee Bender, 6-17-1934--4-17-1979, the fourth of five children of Georg Bender and Berta Hotz born and died in Rettigheim. On 5-14-1960 in Malsch, Mathilde Helene Bender married Hermann Bender who was born in Malsch. Mathilde is related to us but Hermann is not. . This Bender Malsch line is unconnected.

1.4.3.3.4.1.2.1.  Maria Katherina Bender, nee Koch, 8-27-1807--9-2-1850, the first of four children of Theresia Schmitt and Nicholas Koch born and died in Malsch.  On 4-19-1831, Maria Katherina Koch married Christian Bender, 12-16-1807--4-20-1883, who was born and died in Malsch.  This Bender Malsch line is unconnected. Maria Katherina Koch and Christian Bender had ten children.

1.1.2.1.5.8.3.3.  Martin Östringer, 11-29-1821--, the third of four children of Maria Anna Bender and Kaspar Joseph Östringer born in Malschenberg. On 10-8-1848 in Malsch, Martin Östringer married Barbara Bender, --1886, who was born in Malsch and died in Malschenberg. This Malsch Bender line is unconnected. Martin Östringer and Barbara Bender had two children.

1.1.2.1.6.1.3. Maria Anna Kamuf, nee Metzger, nee Werstein, 12-23-1767--2-3-1835, the third of twelve children of Eva Catharina Barth and Franz Jakob Werstein born and died in Rettigheim. On 11-17-1789 in Rettigheim, Maria Anna Werstein married Johann Michael Metzger, 9-22-1738--3-30-1803, who was born in Rettigheim and died in Malsch. The parents of Johann Michael Metzger are Johann Georg Metzger and Anna Maria Bender, who was born in Malsch. This Bender line is unconnected.

1.1.2.2.6.2.4. Maria Juliana Bender, nee Bender, 11-9-1783--, the fourth of seven children of Johann Kaspar Bender and the fourth of four by Eva Katharina Förderer born in Rettigheim. On 1-19-1808 in Malsch, Maria Juliana Bender married Johann Kaspar Bender, 1-6-1777--, who was born in Malsch. Hisa parents were Rochus Bender and Barbara Becker.  This Johann Bender line is unconnected. Maria Juliana Bender and Johann Kaspar Bender had at least one child.

1.1.2.2.11. Matthaus Bender, 2-7-1724--9-30-1779, Matthais Bender and Maria Elisabetha Lindenfelser's eleventh of 13 children, born in Rettigheim but died in Malsch, Baden. On 1-26-1745, Matthaus Bender first married Anna Maria Bender, 7-12-1725--2-16-1756, who was born and died in Malsch. Her parents were Jakob Bender and Anna Maria Unknown.  This Anna Bender line is unconnected.

1.1.4.3.3.5.3.4. Franz Joseph Becker, 2-27-1815--12-30-1872, the fourth of seven children of Anna Katharina Wagner and Franz Anton Becker born and died in Malsch. Franz Joseph Becker was married on 7-13-1841 in Malsch to Juliana Bechtel, 8-30-1820--4-5-1851, who was born and died in Malsch. Juliana Bechtel's parents were Mathias Bechtel and Franziska Bender. This Malsch Bender line is unconnected. On 7-22-1851 in Malsch, Franz Joseph Becker married Maria Antonia Bender, 2-12-1829--1-19-1870, who was born and died in Malsch. Maria Antonia Bender's parents were Aegidius Bender and Josepha Wiedemann. This Malsch Bender line is unconnected. Franz Joseph Becker had 9 children, 4 by Juliana Bechtel and 5 by Maria Antonia Bender.

1.1.4.3.3.5.3.6. Rochus Becker, 8-17-1819--2-19-1850, the sixth of seven children of Anna Katharina Wagner and Franz Anton Becker born and died in Malsch. Rochus Becker was married in Malsch on 10-14-1845 to Helena Bechtel, 8-16-1825--, born in Malsch and died in Langenbrucken and the daughter of Mathias Bechtel and Franziska Bender. This Bender line is unconnected.

29963 Matthias Bender, 5-6-1759--2-27-1817, born and died in Malsch. He married Maria Anna Dumm, 1-28-1773--3-3-1803, who was born in Rettigheim and died in Malsch. They had three children.  This Bender Malsch line is unconnected.
 
Malschenberg - unknown Benders
1.4.3.2.3.2.3.1.7.6.5. Josef Förderer, 11-26-1926--, the fifth of six children of Christian Förderer and Maria Hotz born in Rettigheim. On 11-29-1952 in Rettigheim, Josef Förderer married Theresia Bender, c. 1927--, who was born in Malschenberg. This Bender Malschenberg line is unconnected.

1.2.3.4.8.6.1.4.7.5.4.  Lydia Bender, nee Schmitt, 11-17-1927--, the fourth of six children of Gertrud Reiss and Karl Schmitt born in Rettigheim. On 5-25-1955 in Rettigheim, Lydia Schmitt married Walter Bender who was born in Malschenberg. This Bender Malschenberg line is unconnected.

1.1.2.2.5.12.2.4.3.2.1.6. Stefan Klingheimer, 5-6-1950--, born in Rettigheim. The sixth of eight children of Eleonora Juliana Östringer and Johann Peter Klingheimer. On 4-26-1974 in Rettigheim, Stefan Klingheimer married Maria Bender who was born in Malschenberg, Baden. This Bender Malschenberg line is unconnected.

1.1.2.1.5. Johann Jakob Bender, 1-16-1717--4-4-1781, the sixth of nine children of Johannes Georg Bender, 1677--1754, and Anna Klara Baur, c. 1680--12-30-1725, born in Malschenberg and died in Rauenberg, Baden. Johann was a farmer. [This may or may not be a wife of Johann Jakob Bender] On 2-8-1742 in Malschenberg, Baden, Johann Jakob Bender married Anna Catharina Bender, 9-12-1719--5-10-1745, who was born in Malsch and died in Malschenberg, Baden.  Her parents were Johann Sebastian Bender and Maria Katharina Kintzlin.  This Bender Malsch line is unconnected.
Östringen - unknown Benders

1.1.2.2.7. Johann Rochus Bender, 3-12-1717--4-8-1772,  the seventh of 13 children of Matthais Bender and Maria Elisabetha Lindenfelser born and died a farmer in Rettigheim, Baden. On 10-10-1740 in Rettigheim, Johann Rochus Bender married Anna Eva Forderer, 12-2-1713--12-19-1784, who was born in Östringen and died in Rettigheim.  The church records in Östringen state that Leonhard Forderer, 10-26-1684--9-12-1746, father of Anna Eva Forderer was born and died in Östringen and her mother, Anna Eva, 1684--3-5-1752, maiden name unknown died in Östringen.   Herbert Kampf's book on Rettigheim states that on 10-4-1740 in Rettigheim,  Johann Rochus Bender married Anna Eva Bender, 1718--12-19-1784, the  daughter of Leonard Bender of Malsch who was born in Malsch and died in Rettigheim. This Bender line is unconnected. and wife is to be confirmed

1.2.3.7.1.4.10.9. Ida Bender, nee Bender, 1-24-1857-On 11-4-1877, in Rettigheim, Ida Bender married the widower, Michael Bender, 6-12-1846--8-25-1903, born and died in Ostringen, Baden.  This Bender line is not yet connected.

Mingolsheim - unknown Benders
1.2.3. Andreas Bender, 1660--7-12-1736, the third of three children of Johann Jakob Bender by his unnknown wife, born and died in Rettigheim, Baden. His wife's name was Anna Maria Bender, 1665--1707, born in Mingolsheim, Baden and died in Rettigheim. Anna's maiden name was also BenderAnna Bender line is unconnected. Her father's name was Nikolas Bender born in the village of Mingolsheim and died in Rotenberg. Andreas Bender who was a farmer and Anna Maria Bender were married on 7-19-1686 in Rettigheim. They had seven children.

1.1.2.2.12.3.7.6.10.  Johann Kenz, 8-29-1877--12-20-1939, the tenth of ten children of Johannes Kenz and Mari Katharina Baier born in Rettigheim and died in Mingolsheim. His family moved to Mingolsheim in 1935.  On 10-23-1899 in Mingolsheim, Johann Kenz married 1.1.2.1.6.1.3.5.8.7.  Karoline Honeck, 6-19-1879--1-12-1933, who was born in Mingolsheim and died in Heidelberg.  On 11-11-1933 in Mingolsheim, Johann Kenz married Elisabeth Bender, 5-10-1893--, who was born in Mingolsheim.  Elizabeth's parents were Philip Bender and Maria Maier who were from Mingolsheim and Schreimermeister respectively.   Elizabeth Bender line is unconnected.   Johann Kenz had ten children, nine  by Karoline Honeck and one by Elisabeth Bender.

1.1.2.2.12.3.7.6.10.6. Klara Bender, nee Kenz, 7-9-1909--11-29-1973, the sixth of ten children of Johann Kenz and the sixth of nine by Karoline Honeck born in Rettigheim and died in Bruschal. On 10-23-1936 in Mingolsheim, Klara Kenz married Karl Albert Bender, 6-3-1912--9-10-1973, who was born in Mingolsheim and died in Heidelberg. Karl Albert Bender's parents were Karl August Bender and Karoline Dammert. Karl Albert Bender line is unconnected. He was a carpenter. He and his family moved from Rettigheim to Mingolsheim. Klara Kenz and Karl Albert Bender had three children.

1.2.3.7.1.4.8.6.2.2. Lambert  Bender, 11-14-1898--7-31-1982, the second of Frieda Bender's and Maximilian Bender's four children born and died in Rettigheim. Lambert Bender married Maria Elisabetha Bender on 11-19-1921 in Rettigheim. Maria Elisabetha Bender, 5-18-1899--, was the daughter of Karl Lorenz Bender and Magdalena Göbel born in Mingolsheim, Baden. The Maria Elisabetha Bender line is unconnected. Lambert Bender was a buyer/manufacturer. Lambert Bender and Maria Elisabetha Bender had two sons.

1.1.4.3.3.5.1.9.8.2.3. Isolde Bender, nee Spieler, 6-3-1943--, the third child of Maria Theresia Göbel and Albert Spieler born in Heidelberg. On 6-16-1962 in Rettigheim, Isolde Spieler married Egon Bender who was born in Mingolsheim, Baden. The Egon Bender line is unconnected.

1.2.3.7.2.1.6.1.  Katharina Bender, nee Kling, 1-6-1823--2-5-1911, the first of five children of Johann Friedrich Kling and Maria Eva Barth born in Rettigheim and died in Mingolsheim. On 9-17-1849 in Mingolsheim, Katharina Kling married Philipp Bender, 3-14-1826--10-8-1894, who was born and died in Mingolsheim. This Philipp Bender line is unconnected.

1.4.7.2.2.1.2.2.1.  Rosalie Bender, nee Hammer, 9-12-1838--1920, the first of three children of Brigitta Laier and Johann Wilhelm Hammer born in Mingolsheim and died in Amerika.  On  5-1-1856 in Madison Co, IL, USA, Rosalie Hammer married Christophe Bernard+ Bender, 2-20-1830--1868, who was born in Mingolsheim, Baden and died in St. Louis, MO.  This Bender line is unconnected.

1.4.7.2.3.9.2.    Maria Eva Katharina Bender, nee Menges, 2-23-1801--7-16-1842, the second of ten children of Heinrich Menges and Maria Kunigunde Knab born and died in Rauenberg.  On 11-23-1824 in Rauenberg, Maria Eva Katharina Menges married Johann Andreas Anton Bender, 9-19-1798--6-26-1866, who was born in Mingolsheim and died in Rauenberg.  He was a master baker and an eagle proprietor of the village.  The Johann Andreas Anton Bender line is unconnected. Maria Eva Katharina Menges and Johann Andreas Anton Bender had twelve children.

1.1.2.2.12.3.2.9. Andreas Bender, 8-12-1820-->1852, the ninth of ten children of Maria Barbara Kenz and the fifth of six by Michael Lambert Bender born in Mingolsheim, immigrated to America in 1852. On 5-16-1849 in Mingolsheim, Andreas Bender married Cathatina Bender, 3-25-1824--, born in Mingolsheim and died in USA.  Her parents were Johann Antonius Bender and Katharina Barbara Hauck and the sister of Louise below. The Catharina Bender line is unconnected.

1.1.2.2.12.3.2.10. Ferdinand Bender, 10-19-1823--, the tenth of ten children of Maria Barbara Kenz and the sixth of six by Michael Lambert Bender born in Mingolsheim, immigrated to America in 1852. On 4-2-1850 in Mingolsheim, Ferdinand Bender married Louise Bender, 11-6-1827--, who was born in Mingolsheim and died in USA.  Her parents were Johann Antonius Bender and Katharina Barbara Hauck and therefore the sister of Catharina above. The Louise Bender line is unconnected.

1.1.2.3.7.1.4. Maria Juliana Bender, nee Zabler, 2-16-1770--10-21-1846, the fourth of ten children of Maria Elisabeth Eva Brückmann and Franciscus Henricus Zabler born and died in Mingolsheim. On 2-19-1798 in Mingolsheim, Maria Juliana Zabler married Franciscus Antonius Bender, 3-8-1775--5-15-1854, who was born and died in Mingolsheim. Franciscus Antonius Bender was the ninth of twelve children of Franciscus Bender, 12-14-1732--11-30-1793, and Maria Barbara Ederle, 4-6-1739--11-6-1810, both of whom were born and died in Mingolsheim. This Bender line is unconnected.

20714  1.1.2.2.12.3.2. Michael Franciscus Bender, 12-27-1732--8-21-1803, who was born in Mingolsheim and died in Rettigheim.  On 1-14-1755, in Mingolsheim, Bruchsal, Baden,  Michael Franciscus Bender married Maria Anna Startz, 10-2-1734--5-31-1772, who was born and died in Mingolsheim. They had seven children.  On 1-21-1773, in Mingolsheim, Bruchsal, Baden, Michael Franciscus Bender married Maria Jacobea Nagel, 1-30-1732--1-24-1807, born and died in Mingolsheim.  They had one child.
Rotenberg - unknown Bender
1.1.4.3.3.5.2.2.8.7.2.2. Sigrid Astrid Bender, nee Hoffner, 10-7-1936--, the second of five children of Ludwig Hoffner and Berta Reidel born in Rettigheim. On 10-13-1962 in Rettigheim, Sigrid Hoffner married Josef Bender, <1942--, who was born in Rotenberg, Baden, Germany. This Bender line is unconnected.

Additionally this web site has many more Benders from both the Rotenberg and Rauenberg villages that are not yet connected. http://mctiernan.com/rott.htm
Other Origin, - unknown Benders
1.1.1.3.2.11.4.1.4. Daniel Dumm, 2-27-1840--3-27-1895, the fourth of ten children of Maria Theresia Föerderer and Vinzenz Dumm born and died in Rettigheim. On 10-10-1869 in Rettigheim, Daniel Dumm married 1.4.3.3.6.9.6.2.  Katharina Bös, 6-14-1845--11-22-1879, the second child of Eva Barbara Bös born and died in Rettigheim. On 10-15-1882 in Ketsch, Germany, Daniel Dumm married Franziska Leiberich, 9-16-1860--12-12-1948, who was born in Ketsch, Germany and died in Rettigheim. Franziska Leiberich's parents were Ludwig Leiberich and Barbara Bender. This Barbara Bender line is unconnected. He was a master bricklayer and lived at Malscher Str. 8. He died of TB. Daniel Dumm had a total of eleven children, five with Katharina Bös and six with Franziska Leiberich.

Using the village of Rettigheim as the center and positioning it as 20 miles south of Heidelberg, this is how the other villages important in our history are positioned. Remember to position Rettigheim as the center of the reference point. A graphical map of our Bender family area is below.

Mühlhausen is NE about 2 miles away from Rettigheim
Malsch is NW about a mile away
Malschenberg is NW right on the other side of Malsch.
Rauenberg is N about 3 or 4 miles away
Wiesloch is a bigger village N by NW about 8 miles away
Östringen is S by SE about a mile away,
Mingolsheim is SW about 2 or 3 miles away, in 1933 the population was 2354
Waldorf is NW by N about 9 miles away
Bruchsal is a larger town S by SW about 18 miles away
Obergrombach is a small village about 7 miles south of Bruchsal
St. Leon and St. Leon Rot are W by NW about 7 miles away
Heidelberg is 20 miles north of Rettigheim


In the below grid are the totals of our Bender ancestors or their spouses who served or were killed in the many wars throughout German history, some in far off places in Russia and France with village names that at the time, a hard working German farmer might have had trouble pronouncing. The key here is to remember that almost all came from the one small village of Rettigheim.

Our Bender ancestors or their spouses that served in or died in the German
wars from the village of Rettigheim and neighboring villages
The German Wars Total Bender
Ancestors or spouses that served in the war
Uprising of German Knights 1522 - 1523

German peasants war 1524 - 1525

Turks lay siege to Vienna - 1529

Thirty Years War 1618 - 1648


Repulsion of the 2nd Turkish attack on Vienna 1683

Silesian Wars between Prussia & Austria 1740 - 1745

The Seven Years War, Prussia against Austria, Russia, France and Sweden 1756 - 1763

Prussia's rise to power, 1793 - 1807 & Partitions of Poland
1
Napoleon's Invasion of Russia 1812
12
Post Napoleon Era
1
German 1848 Revolution [starts in 1844]
6
American Civil War 1860 - 1865
5
Austro-Prussian War of 1866 1
Franco-Prussian War of 1870 3
The Great War 1914 - 1918 75
WW II 1939 - 1947 129
Total Bender ancestors 233

Many but not all of our Bender ancestors killed in The Great War and WW II are on the plaque in the entrance hall of St. Nickolas Catholic Church in Rettigheim as a few came from villages close by. See http://mctiernan.com/bwardead.htm for the list of our individual ancestors killed in the many wars.

One of the historical ironies of life is that several of our Bender ancestors died invading Russia helping at least to write the military history of Europe. Way back in the early days all invading armies had to wait till the grass had come up in late spring before they started their invasion de jour. Said a different simpler way, no grass no horse, no horse no calvary, no calvary no army. Grass was necessary as you could not carry enough horse feed. Calvary was the eyes and ears of any invading army and were needed to know what you were getting into.

Obviously a calvary man rides a horse and in order for his horse to eat they had to wait for the grass to start growing so the army waited also. This meant that every invading army on the way into Russia came through just when you were doing the spring planting which would see you through winter. In the fall at harvest time that invading army was returning from the invasion before the grass died and therefore their horses. The farmer, our Bender ancestor was trying to plant and harvest crops while all this was going on around him. One stressful job.

This grass / horse problem is one reason why the invading Huns never got past Vienna further into western Europe. They were a horse people that ran out of time. When the grass started to die in the fall they turned around and went home till next year. Russia early on had figured out the code which was that all invading armies intend to live off the land as they invade not only for their horses but for the soldiers also. Sort of fight and eat as you go.

Russia invented the scorched earth policy on a large scale. As an army invades, everyone runs and hides but before they do they set fire to everything including pasture and crops. So the invading army ends up neither fighting nor eating for some 2000 miles and the famous Don Cossacks attack the 2000 mile long supply line. Hence the lesson learned from Napoleon invading Russia in June of 1812 with over 500,000 men and 1146 guns getting out with only 15,000 men while the Russians had 183,000 men with 15,000 Cossacks with 938 guns. How 6 of our 10 Bender ancestors survived this military disaster when 485,000 others did not is unbelievable. Starting in January 1812, Napoleon assembled his army in Germany. One hard lesson but the Germans in WW II also made the same mistake as did Charles XII of Sweden in his invasion of Russia that pre dates Napoleon. On the retreat out of Russia, Napoleon's army actually found by lucky accident the same crossing at the Beresina River that Charles XII's Swedish army used many many years before.

They all fought Russia's two best generals, General Distance and General Weather. They caught Napoleon 2000 miles inside of Russia in Moscow in the fall as the first light snow started to come down. Hence the reason for only 15,000 men getting out, one of which was 1.1.2.7.1.1. Johann Wagner, the husband of my Blaies-Bender generation's 3rd cousin five generations removed. There were nine of our additional ancestors that were in Napoleon's invasion of Russia, one of which received the active service honor by the Badish Grand Duke in 1830. See http://mctiernan.com/bwardead.htm for the list of our Bender ancestors killed in the many German wars.

With the additions of all the Benders that Judy Linenfelser found while she was in village of Rettigheim recently and also from the history book titled Rettigheim Familienbuch Vol I and Vol II by Hubert Kamuf it is very difficult to keep all the names straight. In order to keep them straight I had to go to labeling by number for each individual with everyone in chronological order. This means as an example that on one of the pages all of a sudden when you are reading about a recent family line that completes in 1999, another sibling in the same family comes back in starting up two centuries earlier. Some of the numbers get quite large but still it is the only way I can think to keep it straight down through time. The last digit in everyone's number is the chronological order in which they were born in their parent's family. If it is a 3 then that individual was the third child born to that set of parents. Any individual with 11 numbers in front of their name is in my Bender generation, with 10 numbers in my parent's generation and with 12 they are in my children's generation.

Rettigheim, zip code of 69242, locality of Mühlhausen, District of Rhein-Neckar-Kreis, Baden-Württemberg, twenty miles south of Heidelberg. The closest railroad connection is in the village of Malsch, a mile or so away. The village of Mühlhausen is less than two miles away. The street addresses of the Bender houses in the village of Rettigheim are noted later in both of the main general Bender histories.

The Population over time of the Village of Rettigheim [courtesy of Hubert Kamuf]
Year
# of Families
Village Population
Average size of family
1600
20
100
5
1658
20
78
3.9
1726
50
248
4.9
1802
85
368
4.3
1900
120
600
5
2000
500
2100
4.2

The two drops in the average size of a family may be due to the 40 Years War and Napoleon's invasions. According to the St. Nickolas parish book the main reasons for the mass emigration in the late 1840's were:

For some reason how our ancestors died was important to write down so there is a lot of information as to what they died from.

This is in order of occurrence as to how the majority of our Bender ancestors died other than old age.

  1. infant mortality
  2. died in a War, from Napoleon's invasion of Russia, the German revolution of 1848, the American Civil War, the Franco-Prussian War of 1870, and the two wars that tipped the scales, The Great War and WW II.
  3. TB seems to be listed as one of the main causes of death in peace time

Other patterns that appear to be true at this point in time.

  1. Most got married in:. No matter where they lived or who the spouse was not all but nearly everybody got married in Rettigheim or in Rauenberg.
  2. main industry / job for our Bender family was farming
  3. second main industry / job was working in a cigar factory
  4. third main industry / job was working in a shoe factory.
  5. Statistically, most births, deaths or marriages seem to fall on the 15th or 22nd day of the month more than others.

At this point you must choose which of the two major Bender lines to go down, either Hans' or Adam's. Both histories are way to big [20,000+ ancestors] to have as one file taking over 500 pages to print out both histories. It would kill to many trees. Before starting down either road get a cup of coffee and relax, and remember:

Our earliest known Bender ancestor is Hans Bender, 1510--<1596. Our Blaies / Bender line descends from Hans Bender.

When you search for an ancestor with the given name of Hans, Johannes or Johann. Look for him with all three different spellings. Late in the game, no matter what the record might have said about the spelling I normalized most of the different spellings to Johann. The task to do this is by no means complete as yet. Likewise the surname of Catharine or Catharina was or should be changed to K, spelled Katarina or Katharine.

On the maternal side, if like myself your mother's maiden name was Fries and her mother's maiden name was Blaies and her mother's maiden name was Bender then you descend from Tara who was one of the 7 European daughters of Eve. If your grandmother's surname was Blaies or Blaes and your mother was her daughter then these test results apply to you also. If you are a male with the surname of Blaies / Blaes or Fries this does not apply as the mtDNA is passed down maternally not paternally. Even though I am a male McTiernan, my mother was a Fries and her mother was a Blaies and her mother was a Bender so I have their mtDNA but my children would not. They have their mother's mtDNA not mine. This maternal mtDNA tracking is better explained at http://mctiernan.com/mtdna.htm

For the Adam Bender line go to http://mctiernan.com/adam.htm

For Adam's first son, Sebastian Bender line go to http://mctiernan.com/hans.htm

For a list of the known Bender immigrants go to http://mctiernan.com/benderimmigrants.htm

The three remaining European family histories are below.

Blaies family
history connects to the Bender family.

Fries family history

Lucash family history

The known Bender family line goes back 15 generations to 1510--.  My direct Bender / Blaies family line has been in America since c. 1848. Other Bender lines have been here since the 1830s. Marianne David lives in Southern CA, Marilyn Rutledge lives in Missouri and Judith Jo Lindenfelser lives in southern VA. Erika Heydinger lives in Texas. Mike Mullen lives in Kansas. Robert Heimann lives in Berlin. Diane Panza lives in Germany. All other Bender descendants are spread out over America, Germany and many other countries.

Regards

Michael McTiernan
443 Homestead Rd.
Wayne, Pa. 19087-2472 USA
610-688-0363

N40 03' 09.4"
W75 24' 14.1"

Click here to send E-mail michael@mctiernan.com

Return to the beginning of the Bender history

Return to the beginning of the history of 8 Families






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