This mtDNA test that I had done shows ONLY my maternal route back to Tara one of the 7 daughters of Eve in Africa. This test result only applies to you if you are the son or daughter of a woman that descends maternally from a female Blaies / Blaes or Bender.
At the end of this site is the info on the mtDNA test that I had done. It shows that I fall in the Tara group one of the 7 European daughters of Eve. Any of us that descend maternally from a Blaies / Blaes or Bender would have the same genetic type and mutations. It does mean as an example that if your mother's maiden surname was Fries and your grandmother's maiden surname was Blaies / Blaes then you also descend from Tara via your maternal line. Even with the very confusing previous sentence, you could have the same mtDNA if your maternal line matches the example at the end of this page. All this is much better explained at http://www.duerinck.com/migrate.html
Dr. Wallace's mitochondrial DNA lineages are "haplogroups" but known as "daughters of Eve," because all of the lineages are branches of the trunk that stems from the mitochondrial Eve.
Dr. Wallace is now exploring the root of the mitochondrial tree. In the March 2000 American Journal of Human Genetics, he and colleagues identify the Vasikela Kung of the northwestern Kalahari desert in southern Africa as the population that lies nearest to the root of the human mtDNA tree. Another population that seems almost equally old is that of the Biaka pygmies of Central Africa.
Prof. Sykes and Oxford University researchers in England have identified seven ancestral matriarchal groups from which all Europeans appear to be descended. Every European can trace his or her evolutionary history back to the seven ancestral mother groups, also referred to as the Seven European Daughters of Eve. Sykes et al obtained buccal cells from 6,000 individuals and analyzed the samples using the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) analysis. It is known that mtDNA mutates at a very slow rate, such as 1 mutation in every 10,000 generations or 20,000 years. So they figured that the women would have lived between 8,000 and 45,000 years ago. What is amazing is that all seven of the genetic groups appear to be descended from the Lara clan, one of three clans that still exist today in Africa. This is called the African Eve theory. It was proposed in the late 1980's by Allan Wilson, Mark Stoneking and others. The African Eve theory states that all humans share a common African ancestor. Migration routes of the 7 daughters are at this site: http://www.oxfordancestors.com As of 2002, there are believed to be 36 distinct genetic groups worldwide.
From Patrick Guinness, "In mtDNA, there are a maximum of 14 mutations between all humans (so far). From the middle of them, there are 26 mutations between humans and neanderthals, and more when you look at the great apes. The experts say that we and neanderthals had an ancestor ~250,000 years ago."
The Seven European Daughters of Eve matriarchal groups correspond to Dr. Wallace's lineages above, and were given names by Prof. Sykes:
A great deal of work has been done on other parts of the world
in the past decade and it is very clear that there are plenty more
clans than just the 7 Daughters of Eve in Europe. The precise
definition of what makes a clan depends on having a very good sample of
different countries. The present
estimate is that there are at least 30 clans in the rest of the world
equivalent standing to the seven European clans. Fourteen of them in
found in Africa, six in Eastern Asia and four in native Americans. But
parts of the world have been only very sparsely studied so far and they
just don't know what to expect. For instance, it should't be a surprise
if they find several completely new clans among native Australians.
This example may better explain how the mtDNA travels down the line of descent.
A worldwide list of all Surname DNA studies done by Chris Pomery is at http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~allpoms/genetics1a.html
The 128 McTernan / McTiernan's from 11 different countries and 5 contentents DNA study is at http://mctiernan.com/dnatest.htm